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Explain any two mounting methods of cylinder. ................

1) Centreline mounting Centreline mounts are used to take care of thrust that can occur linearly or along a centreline with the cylinder. Proper alignment is essential to prevent compound stresses that may cause excessive friction and bending, as piston extends. Additional holding strength may be essential with long stroke cylinders. 2) Foot mounting It consists of mounting the cylinder with the help of side end lungs or side covers. These mountings are used where cylinders are to be mounted on to surface parallel to the axis of cylinder

Explain the construction of 4/2 poppet valve with neat sketch & symbol.

4/2 puppet valve Figure shows a cross sectional schematic view of a poppet type 4/2 direction control valve. Inside the valve housing, a number of bores are engraved and interconnected through number of valve elements. The ports ‘P’, ‘R’, ‘A’, and ‘B’ shown in the diagram are designated as ‘Ppressure port, ‘A’ and ‘B’ – cylinder port and ‘R’ – exhaust port. In the position shown in the sketch, it is found that ‘P’ connects to ‘A’ and ‘B’ to ‘R’, When the elements are actuated by means of the push button, they are unseat and ‘P’ connects to ‘B’ and ‘A’ to ‘R’.

2) Define : a) Ductility b) Toughness c) Creep

a) Ductility: the property of material which enables it to be drawn into thin wire under the action of tensile load is called as ductility. b) Toughness: The property which resists the fracture under the action of impact loading is called as toughness. Toughness is energy for failure by fracture. c) Creep: when a component is subjected to constant stress at a high temperature over a long period of time ,it will undergo a slow& permanent deformation called creep Or it is defined as “slow and progressive deformation of material with time under constant stress at elevated temperature.


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