1) To cushion, absorb or control energy to external load : Car springs, Railway buffers 2) To store Energy : Watches Toys 3) To Measure forces : Spring Balances, Gauges ,Engines 4) To provide clamping force in Jigs & fixtures. 5) To apply forces as in brakes, clutches & spring loaded valve.
1) The power to be transmitted 2) The velocity ration or speed of gear drive. 3) The central distance between the two shafts 4) Input speed of the driving gear. 5) Wear characteristics of the gear tooth for a long satisfactory life. 6) The use of space & material should be economical. 7) Efficiency & speed ratio 8) Cost
A) X10Cr 18 Ni9 Mo 4 Si 2 : High Alloy steel having carbon 0.10% , chromium 18%, nickel 9 % ,Molybdenum 4% & silicon 2% B) XT72W18Cr4V1: high speed tool steel having carbon 0.72% ,chromium 4% , tungsten 18% , vanadium 1%