Explain with neat sketch working principle of turbo jet engine.
Working principle of Turbojet: shows the schematic of turbojet engine. It has a diffuser section at inlet for realizing some compression of air passing through this section. Due to this air reaching compressor section has pressure more than ambient pressure. This action of partly compressing air by passing it through diffuser section is called “ramming action” or “ram effect”. Subsequently compressor section compresses air which is fed to combustion chamber and fuel is added to it for causing combustion. Combustion products available at high pressure and temperature are then passed through turbine and expanded there. Thus, turbine yields positive work which is used for driving compressor.
Expanding gases leaving turbine are passed through exit nozzle where it is further expanded and results in high velocity jet at exit. This high velocity jet leaving nozzle is responsible for getting desired thrust for propulsion.