The compression process in reciprocating compressor may approach to low speed of compression and cylinder cooling. Therefore isothermal efficiency is used in reciprocating compressor. But in rotary compressor there is high friction and eddies formation due to high velocity air through the compressor. This causes heating of air during compression process. Therefore temperature of air leaving the impeller is higher than the isentropic compression. The compressor may be as high as 1.7 (n>t). Therefore isentropic efficiency is used in rotary compressor.
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Fig. shows construction of simple catalytic converter exhaust fan as it enters the converter all three pollutions namely HC CO and NOX oxidizes and reduce is to the component which are acceptable to the environment, This occurs due to chemical reaction and at 600 to 7000 c temperature.
1) Friction Power:- The difference between indicated power and brake power. It is the power lost in friction FP =IP -BP
Effect of Supercharging on SI and CI engine
Effect of Compression ratio in a single stage reciprocating compressor on PV diagram
Carnot heat engine is an ideal heat engine and is not possible in practice due to following reasons. i) Alternate adiabatic and isothermal process is not possible. ii) Heat addition and heat rejection at constant temperature is not possible. iii) All processes are reversible which is not possible in practice
i) WBT: Wet bulb Temperature twb : It is the temperature recorded by a thermometer when its bulb is covered by a wet cloth exposed to the air. ii) DPT: Dew point temperature tdp :It is the temperature of air recorded by thermometer, when the moisture (water vapour) present in its, begins to condensed. iii) DBT: Dry Bulb Temperature tdb : It is the temperature of air recorded by ordinary thermometer with a clean, dry sensing element .
Turbo Jet Engine