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Explain the working of window air conditioner with neat sketch.

The low pressure and low temperature refrigerant vapour from evaporator is sucked by compressor. The compressor compresses the vapour to high pressure and high temperature and discharges to the condenser. On the condenser the refrigerant vapour condenses by dissipating heat to the cooling medium (air) the liquid refrigerant coming out of condenser passes through filter, dryer into capillary tube where it is again throated back to the evaporated pressure.

Explain the working principle of jet propulsion with a neat sketch.

Working principle of jet propulsion - Jet propulsion is based on Newton’s second law and third law’s of motion. - Means producing forward axial thrust by means of reaction of jet of gases which are discharged rearward with a high velocity (aircraft, missile & submarine) - As applied to vehicle operating in fluid, a momentum is imparted to a mass of fluid in a such a manner that the reaction of imparted momentum furnishes a propulsive force. The magnitude of this propulsive force is termed as thrust.


Define i) Free air delivered (FAD) – It is volume of air delivered under the condition of temperature and pressure existing at compressor intake, i.e. volume of air delivered at surrounding air temperature & pressure. In absence of any given free air conditions these are generally taken as 1.101325 bar and 150 c. ii) Compressor capacity – It is quantity of free air actually delivered by compressor in m3 /min. iii) Swept volume – It is the volume of air taken during sanction stroke. It is expressed in m3 . iv) Pressure ratio – It is defined as delivery pressure to suction pressure.

Explain intercooling and reheating in gas............

LPC – LOW pressure cylinder HPC – high pressure cylinder CC – combustion chamber T – Turbine ( 2+ 2 marks) The net work of gas turbine cycle may be increased by saving some compression work. This is done by using several stages of compression with inter cooling of air between stages. The air from first stage of compression is cooled in inter cooler approximately to its initial temperature before entering to second stage of compressor.


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