State the adverse effect of imbalance of rotating elements of machine.
The process of providing the second mass in order to counter act the effect of the centrifugal force of the disturbing mass is called balancing. In order to prevent the bad effect of centrifugal force of disturbing mass, another mass (balancing) is attached to the opposite side of the shaft at such a position, so as to balance the effect of centrifugal force of disturbing mass. This is done in such a way that the centrifugal forces of both the masses are made equal and opposite. Methods of balancing: Balancing of rotating masses 1) Balancing of a single rotating mass by a single rotating mass in the same plane 2) Balancing of a single rotating mass by two masses rotating in the different planes * Disturbing mass lies in a plane between the planes of balancing masses * Disturbing mass lies in a plane on one end of the planes of balancing masses 3) Balancing of different masses rotating in the same plane 4) Balancing of different masses rotating in the different planes Balancing of reciprocating masses