State effects of pollutants in exhaust gases of petrol engine.
The major air pollutants emitted by petrol engines are CO2, CO, HC, NOx, SO2, smoke & lead vapour.
Effect of CO:
Carbon monoxide combines with hemoglobin forming carboy hemoglobin, which reduces oxygen carrying capacity of blood.
1. This leads to laziness, exhaustion of body & headache. 2. Prolong exposure can even leads to death. 3. It also affects cardiovascular system, thereby causing heart problem
Effect of CO2: Causes respiratory disorder & suffocation.
Effect of HC: 1. It has effect like reduced visibility, eye irritation, peculiar odour & damage to vegetation & acceleration the cracking of rubber products. 2. It induce cancer, affect DNA & cell growth are know a carcinogens.
Effect of SO2: It is toxic & corrosive gas, human respiratory track of animals, plants & crops.