You are here


Define Endurance limit and draw typical S-N curve for steel.

Endurance Limit: It is defined as maximum value of the completely reversed bending stress which a polished standard specimen can withstand without failure, for infinite number of cycles (usually 107 cycles).It is known as endurance or fatigue limit (ϭe).

Describe ‘bolt of uniform strength’ with neat sketch

When an ordinary bolt of uniform diameter is subjected to shock load stress concentration across at the weakest part of the bolt i.e. threaded portion (as shown in figure a), it means that greater portion of energy will be absorbed at the region of threaded part and it may cause the failure of threaded portion


State any four advantages of standardization.

i. It saves effort of design of engineers to design and manufacture new machines, as standard components are readily designed by experts. ii. It ensures certain minimum specified quality. iii. It help in manufacturing the components on mass production. iv. Easy and quick replacement of the components is possible. v. Interchangeability of components is possible. vi. It helps in manufacturing the components quickly and economically. vii. Effective utilization of resources. viii. It also contributes to ensure the safety

Draw neat sketch showing the details of cotter joint. State strength equations for each component with suitable failure cross-sectional area.


It consist of 3 elements i. Socket ii. Spigot iii. Cotter Where, d= End diameter of rodd1= Diameter of spigot/ID of socket d2= Diameter of spigot collar D1= Outer diameter of socket D2= Diameter of socket collar C=Thickness of socket collar t1= Thickness of spigot collar t= thickness of cotter b= Mean width of cotter a= Distance of end of slot to the end of spigot P= Axial tensile/compressive force σt, σc, τ= Permissible tensile, compressive, shear stress for the component material

Why taper is provided on cotter ? State recommended values of taper.

a. When cotter is driven through the slots, it fit, fight due to wedge action. This ensures tightness of joint in operation and present loosening of the parts. b. Due to taper, it is easy to remove the cotter and dismantle the joint. The normal value of taper varies from 1 in 48 to 01 in 24 and it may increase to 1 in 8

State any four factors that govern ‘factor of safety’.

a. Reliability of applied load. b. The extent of simplifying assumptions. c. The certainty as to exact mode of failure. d. Reliability of properties of material and change in these properties during service. e. Extent of stress concentration. f. The reliability of test results to actual machine parts. g. The extent of initial stresses set up during manufacturing. h. The extent of loss of life, if failure occurs.


Subscribe to RSS - 2016 SUMMER